Remember the Alamo. The Alamo, officially named the San Antonio de Valero Mission, is a former mission andmilitary fort in San Antonio, Texas. It is now a museum drawing people interested in. Texas history. When people say “Remember the Alamo”, they are referring to asignificant battle in Texas’s Revolution against Mexico. The entire event lasted forthirteen days in February and March of 1836. It is famous for heavy rebel losses andillustrious participants, including the Mexican President Santa Anna and David Crockett.
This mission was first conceived of in 1716 and a Spanish viceroy authorized itsconstruction. As the first in a chain of missions along the San Antonio River, it wasintended as a vocational school for Native Americans after their conversion to. Christianity. Training options included cattle-raising, weaving, carpentry, and stonemasonry. However, the church was not completed until 1757, and mission activity wasalready waning by the mid-1760s! The Church abandoned the site by the 1790s.
Spanish soldiers, noting the defensive potential of the mission’s 12-foot walls, took overin 1803. In the coming years, Spain and Mexico would battle for control of land in North. America. After the Mexican War of Independence in 1821, Texas became part of. Mexican territory; it was part of a new state called “Coahila y Tejas”.
The Mexican government encouraged people from the US to settle this land. Hundreds offamilies, both American and Mexican, accepted the invitation. However, after the landbecame settled and colonists formed provincial governments, the Mexican governmentincreased centralization of power.
Settlers became uncomfortable with President Santa Anna’s centralizing of government.
In their view, the 1824 Constitution of Mexico guaranteed stronger states’ rights.
Meanwhile, part of the centralization plan included dividing Coahila y Tejas into twostates, one of which was Tejas.
Coahila soon seceded to become part of the short-lived Republic of the Rio Grande. Tejasdeclared its independence on March 2, 1835 and named itself the Republic of Texas.
Settlers provoked the Mexican government early on by taking over military positions in. La Bahia and San Antonio. In response, Santa Anna assembled 6,500 soldiers and ledmany to San Antonio’s Alamo Mission. Thousands of men may have deserted beforearrival, but still, they greatly outnumbered the rebels fortressed in the Alamo.
Although they received reinforcements, the Texan rebels were outnumbered and couldnot sustain more than two weeks of attacks which inside their fortress. Ultimately, the. Mexicans penetrated the old mission and killed most of the remaining soldiers throughhand-to-hand combat. When the fighting was over, the Mexican forces left only sixteenalive. Most of these survivors were women, slaves, and children.
Although the revolutionaries did not win the Battle of the Alamo, their battle benefitedthe rebels’ cause overall. Emotionally, the battle stirred up settlers all across Texas andincreased their resolve against President Santa Anna. Strategically, Santa Anna’s troopswere stalled at the Alamo for two weeks. This allowed General Houston to assemblesoldiers and supplies for a critical upcoming battle. Houston would later defeat Mexico inthe decisive Battle of San Jacinto. Santa Anna would be captured while sneaking off thenext day, and the revolutionaries would go on to win their independence. From 1836 to1845, the Republic of Texas would be a sovereign state between the US and Mexico.